重新建立資料庫索引

若資料庫運作一段時間之後, 裡面的索引會因資料的新增刪除產生破碎的情況, 尤其是當資料庫越來越大時, 會發現 select 的時間越來越長。

此時可以試著重新組織索引, 可以增加資料庫效能

-- 重新整理資料庫索引
-- 
SET NOCOUNT ON;
DECLARE @tablename varchar(255);
DECLARE @execstr   varchar(400);
DECLARE @objectid  int;
DECLARE @indexid   int;
DECLARE @frag      decimal;
DECLARE @maxfrag   decimal;

-- Decide on the maximum fragmentation to allow for.
SELECT @maxfrag = 30.0;

-- Declare a cursor.
DECLARE tables CURSOR FOR
   SELECT TABLE_SCHEMA + '.' + TABLE_NAME
   FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLES
   WHERE TABLE_TYPE = 'BASE TABLE';

-- Create the table.
CREATE TABLE #fraglist (
   ObjectName char(255),
   ObjectId int,
   IndexName char(255),
   IndexId int,
   Lvl int,
   CountPages int,
   CountRows int,
   MinRecSize int,
   MaxRecSize int,
   AvgRecSize int,
   ForRecCount int,
   Extents int,
   ExtentSwitches int,
   AvgFreeBytes int,
   AvgPageDensity int,
   ScanDensity decimal,
   BestCount int,
   ActualCount int,
   LogicalFrag decimal,
   ExtentFrag decimal);

-- Open the cursor.
OPEN tables;

-- Loop through all the tables in the database.
FETCH NEXT
   FROM tables
   INTO @tablename;

WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
BEGIN;
-- Do the showcontig of all indexes of the table
   INSERT INTO #fraglist 
   EXEC ('DBCC SHOWCONTIG (''' + @tablename + ''') 
      WITH FAST, TABLERESULTS, ALL_INDEXES, NO_INFOMSGS');
   FETCH NEXT
      FROM tables
      INTO @tablename;
END;

-- Close and deallocate the cursor.
CLOSE tables;
DEALLOCATE tables;

-- Declare the cursor for the list of indexes to be defragged.
DECLARE indexes CURSOR FOR
   SELECT ObjectName, ObjectId, IndexId, LogicalFrag
   FROM #fraglist
   WHERE LogicalFrag >= @maxfrag
      AND INDEXPROPERTY (ObjectId, IndexName, 'IndexDepth') > 0;

-- Open the cursor.
OPEN indexes;

-- Loop through the indexes.
FETCH NEXT
   FROM indexes
   INTO @tablename, @objectid, @indexid, @frag;

WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
BEGIN;
   PRINT 'Executing DBCC INDEXDEFRAG (0, ' + RTRIM(@tablename) + ',
      ' + RTRIM(@indexid) + ') - fragmentation currently '
       + RTRIM(CONVERT(varchar(15),@frag)) + '%';
   SELECT @execstr = 'DBCC INDEXDEFRAG (0, ' + RTRIM(@objectid) + ',
       ' + RTRIM(@indexid) + ')';
   EXEC (@execstr);

   FETCH NEXT
      FROM indexes
      INTO @tablename, @objectid, @indexid, @frag;
END;

-- Close and deallocate the cursor.
CLOSE indexes;
DEALLOCATE indexes;

-- Delete the temporary table.
DROP TABLE #fraglist;
GO
請對著資料庫執行即可。
資料庫重建索引應加入到維護計畫中, 但是在重新組織或建立索引時, 資料庫會被鎖定, 所以加以注意。

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